Donald J. Trump said on Tuesday that he had received another “target letter” from the special counsel’s investigation into the Jan. 6 riot, the second time the former president had been notified that he was a target in a federal investigation.

A warrant letter is an official piece of correspondence from the Department of Justice informing a person that they are being actively investigated. It does not formally charge a person, but indicates that an investigation is nearing its end and that the Department of Justice is actively considering charging them.

A subpoena typically provides the subject of the investigation the opportunity to testify before a grand jury but does not compel them to appear. Mitchell Epner, a former assistant U.S. Attorney for the district of New Jersey, said targets of investigations rarely use that opportunity.

“I would be very surprised if Mr. Trump testified before the grand jury,” he said.

Whether or not Mr. Trump testifies, Mr. Epner said he expected the Justice Department to present a possible indictment to the grand jury soon and that an indictment decision would be made quickly. Out of a minimum of 16 grand jurors, at least 12 votes are needed to indict Mr. Trump.

“It could be as little as days, but more usually weeks, sometimes months,” Mr Epner said, adding that it was very likely a decision would be made this year.

Mr. Trump has not released his target letter. But a sample letter from a Justice Department handbook for prosecutors suggests what he may have received.

Among other things, the sample letter says: “You are advised that you are the target of a Grand Jury investigation. You may refuse to answer any question if a truthful answer to the question would tend to incriminate you. Anything you do or say can be used against you in a later legal proceeding. If you have retained counsel to represent you personally, the Grand Jury will allow you a reasonable opportunity to step outside the Grand Jury room and confer with counsel if you so desire.”

Charlie Savage contributed reporting.

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