A constellation of other possible crimes also surrounded the Jan. 6 investigation. One is wire fraud. Section 1343 of Title 18 makes it a felony, punishable by 20 years in prison, to cause money to be transferred by wire across state lines as part of a scheme to obtain money by false or fraudulent representations. Similar statute of frauds, Section 1341, covers schemes that use the Postal Service.

Subpoenas issued by Mr. Smith suggest he examined Mr. Trump’s political action committee, Save America PAC. It has raised up to $250 million, telling donors that the money is needed to fight election fraud, even as Mr. Trump has been told repeatedly that there is no evidence to support those claims.

The Jan. 6 House committee also suggested that Mr. Trump and his cronies misled their own supporters. It described how after the election, they appealed to donors as many as 25 times a day to help fight the results in court and contribute to a defense fund. But no such fund existed, and they used the money for other purposes, including spending more than $200,000 at Trump hotel properties.

“During the committee’s investigation, we found evidence that the Trump campaign and its surrogates misled donors about where their funds would go and what they would be used for,” Representative Zoe Lofgren, Democrat of California, said during one hearing. “So it wasn’t just the big lie. It was the big mess,”

The January 6 committee and some legal commentators also suggested that Mr. Trump could be charged under Section 2383 of Title 18, which makes it a crime to incite, aid, “aid or comfort” rebellion against the authority and laws of the federal government. That offense, on the other hand, is rarely charged and has not been leveled against any defendant from January 6 until now.

In its final report, the committee singled out five of Mr Trump’s other allies – Mark Meadows, his final chief of staff; and the lawyers Rudolph W. Giuliani, Mr. Eastman, Jeffrey Clark and Kenneth Chesebro — as possible co-conspirators with Mr. Trump in actions that the committee said warranted a Justice Department investigation.

Luke Broadwater contributed reporting.

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