Dean’s Car Care, an auto repair shop in Portland, Ore., used to regularly get five stars and gushing praise on Yelp and Google Reviews for its reliable and friendly service.

“Honest and affordable. What else could you ask for?” one happy repeat customer wrote online in 2016. The reviewer said he had moved to a different part of town, “but I still drive to Dean’s whenever I need work done on my car or my truck.”

That was then, before the owner, Marie Gluesenkamp Pérez, was elected to Congress last year as a Democrat, and became one of only a small number of lawmakers in her party who periodically switch to vote with Republicans.

These days, Ms. Gluesenkamp Pérez is one of the most vulnerable Democrats in Congress, and Dean — the family business named for her husband — has become the target of vicious online trolling from the left. Progressives across the country are revising the establishment with posters expressing their anger at the first-term congresswoman for siding with Republicans on a bill to repeal President Biden’s student loan relief initiative.

“Worst car care I’ve been to,” wrote one Yelp reviewer in a now-type post in May, shortly after Ms. Gluesenkamp Pérez cast that vote. “My car was dirtier than when I dropped it off.” He added: “It also didn’t help that Marie bragged about her PPP loan and said f students in the same sentence. She is very hypocritical.”

Added another: “This place is horrible. They charge interest that compounds daily. Oh wait that’s student loans. This place really is the worst.”

Internet abuse can be an occupational hazard of serving in Congress at a tribal moment in politics, when there is little room for lawmakers to break with their own party, no matter the circumstances or the issue.

Ms. Gluesenkamp Pérez, 35, swept her Washington State district blue in November in one of the nation’s most competitive House races, after a campaign that highlighted her background as a middle-class small-business woman and frequently featured her auto shop in ads and photos. In a Democratic victory that few saw coming, she defeated Trump-backed former combat veteran Joe Kent, who denied the legitimacy of the 2020 presidential election and supported defendants charged in connection with the January 6, 2021 attack on the Capitol.

Ms. Gluesenkamp Pérez represents a largely rural, middle-class district where only a quarter of the residents are college graduates. Donald J. Trump carried her district in two consecutive presidential elections. She criticized her party for being out of touch with middle-class voters and railed against Democratic elitism.

“The whole premise of higher education is that you make more money,” she said in an interview. “It’s ironic to protest a mechanic when you’re sitting on your newly minted graduate. I’m here to represent my district, not uptown New York.”

Back in May, when she cast the fateful vote, Ms. Gluesenkamp Perez explained her rationale. “Revenues from student debt forgiveness must be matched dollar for dollar with investments in career and technical education,” she said at the time. “I cannot support the first without the other. The severe shortage of skilled workers must be seen and addressed as a national priority. It’s about respect.”

None of her explanations quelled the trolling, which is part of a new online frontier in political discourse in which voters from across the country can express their anger at elected officials who may not even represent them by anonymously trolling small businesses associated with one of them. Some members of Congress who own small businesses said they tried not to have their names associated with their businesses at all for fear of this kind of retribution.

“Terrible company with terrible owners,” a reviewer said in a May post about Ms. Gluesenkamp Pérez’s shop. “Repay your PPP loan to you fraudsters.”

One user called her a “crooked gluenkamp”, echoing Mr Trump’s favorite nickname for Hillary Clinton, and suggested she owed customers free car washes because of her voting record.

The flurry of negative reviews against Ms. Gluesenkamp Pérez’s business appears to have been started by users who were upset over her decision to break with Democrats in May and vote to repeal Mr. Biden’s student loan relief program. She was one of only two House Democrats to do so, along with Jared Golden of Maine, who is also from a competitive district.

The reviewers point to what they see as hypocrisy on the part of Ms. Gluesenkamp Pérez, whose small business received a $63,000 loan from the federal Paycheck Protection Program, created during the pandemic to keep such outfits afloat.

“Terrible service,” another reviewer noted. “A woman ran who also took out a PPP loan for her business and then decided to vote against student loan forgiveness.”

Ms. Gluesenkamp Pérez said the online insults are inappropriate but will not drag down her business or change how she does her job in Washington.

“The Google reviews are not going to change the way I vote,” she said in an interview. “It’s unfortunate because student loans are a very nuanced political issue. When you boil it down to this hate, this internet trolling, it’s not productive. I am here to listen to my constituents. I hold regular personal town halls.”

The store, she added, has “a lot of work to do, a strong reputation, and our community knows what we’re doing.”

Ms. Gluesenkamp Pérez — who serves as co-chair of the Blue Dog Coalition, a group of centrist Democrats who are outspoken on national defense and fiscal issues — is a prime target of Republicans. Her district is rated by the nonpartisan Cook Political Report like tosup.

She’s also young, with blunt-cut bangs, and often wears jeans or wide-leg pantsuits, looking more like she might be aligned with the progressive Squad than the centrist she is. People close to Ms Gluesenkamp Pérez said wrong assumptions about her politics, based on her appearance, only intensified the anger of some on the left about her voting record.

Ms. Gluesenkamp Pérez was one of only four Democrats to vote this month for the annual defense bill, which Democrats broadly rejected after Republicans added provisions that would limit abortion access, transgender care and diversity training for the military.

She was one of only seven Democrats who voted with Republicans on a resolution to condemn the use of elementary school facilities to provide shelter for undocumented immigrants who are not admitted to the United States. And she voted “absent,” rather than “yes,” on a measure to expel George Santos, the embattled Republican representative from New York, from Congress. Unlike most Democrats, she opposes a ban on assault weapons, although she has expressed support for raising the age for purchasing one from 18 to 21.

Her Democratic colleagues in Congress understand more about the dynamics of the district she represents and the very real threat she faces in the 2024 election.

“She is very vulnerable,” said Representative Donald S. Beyer Jr., Democrat of Virginia, who voted against the defense policy bill but said Ms. Gluesenkamp Pérez deserved a “pass” on such matters.

After the defense bill passed, Mr. Beyer said he received emails from Democrats across the country saying, “‘You have to get rid of Marie Pérez.’ I wrote back. I said, ‘No, she’s fine. We love her. Do you want Kevin McCarthy to be speaker forever?'”

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