Since the days of John Paul Jones and the American Revolution, the top job in the US Navy has gone to a man, but that will change if President Biden’s pick to become the top uniformed leader of the service is confirmed.

The White House announced on Friday that President Biden intends to appoint Adm. Lisa Franchetti to become the highest ranking officer of the Navy after the retirement of Adm. Michael M. Gilday this summer.

Lloyd J. Austin III, the secretary of defense, said he was proud that Admiral Franchetti had been selected to be the first woman to lead the Navy and to serve as a permanent member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

“She will continue to inspire us all,” Mr. Austin said in a statement.

Currently the vice chief of the Navy, Admiral Franchetti will serve in an acting role as the Navy’s top officer, pending confirmation by the Senate — a process that Sen. Tommy Tuberville, Republican of Alabama, has blocked for hundreds of admirals and generals to force the Pentagon to abandon a policy offering time and travel to service members who need compensation from states that must exit compensation.

In statement in announcing her nomination, the White House cited Admiral Franchetti’s “extensive operational and political experience” as among the reasons Mr. Biden chose her.

According to her official biography, Admiral Franchetti received her commission in 1985 through the Naval Reserve Officer Training Corps program at Northwestern University, where she received a bachelor’s degree in journalism. Her career assignments trace the history of how women in the Navy have fought for the same combat jobs that men have always had.

At the time she was commissioned, women joining the fleet as surface warfare officers were typically limited to serving on so-called auxiliary ships that carried cargo, fuel, ammunition or repaired warships and submarines.

Her first tour was on the USS Shenandoahan auxiliary ship designated for what was considered a non-combat duty of a tendency towards destroyers, a type of warship that traditionally did some of the most difficult fighting at sea, such as locating and attacking submarines and firing missiles and large-caliber guns at targets ashore.

By the time the Shenandoah was decommissioned in 1996, Congress had dropped its opposition to women in the Navy serving on surface combatants and military aircraft.

Admiral Franchetti moved on to serve on multiple destroyers, ultimately commanding the USS Ross and then a squadron.

As an admiral she commanded two different aircraft carrier strike groups, a position that is considered the height of non-nuclear power projection at sea. This was followed by command of the Sixth Fleet of the United States in the Mediterranean Sea.

Before her promotion to four stars and taking the Nr. 2 assignment from the Navy in September, Admiral Franchetti served as the director for strategy, plans and policy at the Staff as its leaders began to seek more diversity.

Admiral Franchetti would be the second woman to lead a branch of the armed forces. Adm. Linda L. Fagan became the first to do so when she took the oath of office as commandant of the Coast Guard on June 1, 2022.

The White House and Pentagon both noted that Admiral Franchetti would be the first female officer to serve as a permanent member of the Joint Chiefs.

As commander of the Coast Guard, Admiral Fagan reports to the Homeland Security Secretary and is not considered an official member of the Joint Chiefs. However, as the leader of a branch of the armed forces, she typically attends all meetings with the other service chiefs at the Pentagon.

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