Ukraine’s President Volodymyr Zelensky spoke with his Turkish counterpart, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, about the collapse of a deal that allowed Ukrainian ships carrying grain to bypass a Russian blockade, as Moscow hammers Ukraine’s port infrastructure and vows that commercial ships in the Black Sea could be perceived as carrying military cargo.

Moscow withdrew from the agreement, which was reached under the auspices of Turkey and the United Nations, last week, and any efforts to revive it have been thrown into doubt. Since its collapse, Russia has bombed Ukrainian ports, including striking grain stores and other infrastructure, although it was largely quiet in the area overnight until Saturday.

“Because of Russia’s actions, the world is once again on the brink of a food crisis,” Mr. Zelensky. wrote on Twitter late friday “A total of 400 million people in many countries of Africa and Asia are at risk of hunger. Together, we must avoid a global food crisis.”

Mr. Erdogan has been a key mediator between Russia and Ukraine since the full-scale invasion began last February, standing out from his NATO allies while maintaining friendly relations with President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia. Mr. Erdogan is expected to meet with Mr. Putin next month.

Mr Zelensky said he had discussed peace with Mr Erdogan and asked for help in bringing back prisoners of war, particularly members of the Crimean Tatar ethnic minority.

“During the meeting, President Erdogan stated that Turkey has made an intensive effort for peace to prevail,” the Turkish president’s office said on Twitter, adding that the call on Friday was made at Kyiv’s request.

Russia has said it would renew the deal, but only if other nations end the sanctions they imposed in response to its invasion of Ukraine, a move unlikely. Moscow says the deal was not fair to Russia and that its producers were forced to sell grain and other agricultural products at below-market prices.

On Friday, Mr. Erdogan told reporters that Russia wants the grain corridor to remain, “but has certain expectations from Western countries, and they have to act.” He said he would discuss the matter with Mr. Putin by phone and when they meet.

Moscow’s decision to end the deal came just days after the Turkish leader held a heated meeting with President Biden and said Ukraine deserved “NATO membership without a doubt,” a move that could strain relations with Mr. Putin, who has blamed NATO’s expansion, in part, for his decision to invade Ukraine, and raises questions about the possibility of reviving the deal.

Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken, speaking at the Aspen Security Forum in Colorado on Friday, accused Russia of “weaponizing food” and said it would be “very, very difficult” for Ukraine to resume shipments of grain and other food.

An attack on the bridge connecting Russia to the occupied peninsula of Crimea, which killed two civilians, also raised tensions in the region. The bridge remained closed for nearly a week due to damage that Russia blamed on Ukraine, and Russian holidaymakers traveling to or from the peninsula were ordered to take a much longer route through occupied territories, including the badly damaged city of Mariupol. That route was also blocked on Saturday morning, Russian officials wrote on the Telegram messaging app.

In a video address to the Aspen Security Forum, Mr Zelensky said on Friday that the bridge was a legitimate target for Ukraine, and that it must be destroyed.

“The goal is to return all of Crimea, because this is our sovereign territory,” he said. “The Kerch bridge is not a small logistical route. It is used to deliver ammunition and militarize the Crimean Peninsula.”

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