The civilian toll is rising in Odessa, the Ukrainian port city that has been under relentless attack by Russian forces for the past week after the Kremlin pulled out of a deal that allowed Ukrainian grain to be exported across the Black Sea.

One person died and 19 others, including 4 children, were injured in Russian rocket fire on Odesa on Sunday night, according to Ukrainian officials. At least six residential buildings and an Orthodox cathedral were damaged in the attack. Dozens of cars were also damaged and many residents were left without power.

“There can be no excuse for Russian evil,” Ukraine’s President Volodymyr Zelensky said of the attacks in a Telegram posting on Sunday. He added: “There will definitely be retaliation.”

With its busy port, Odessa has long been a crucial economic link for Ukraine to the rest of the global economy. Even though the city had been subject to attacks earlier in the war, there was a fleeting sense of normalcy as for almost a year it shipped agricultural products despite a wartime blockade by Russia.

But that ended last week, after Russia said it was ending its participation in the Black Sea grain deal, a deal that has helped stabilize food supplies around the world. Moscow said the pact favors Ukraine.

In recent days, Russia has launched some of the fiercest attacks of the war on Odessa, destroying grain that could have fed tens of thousands of people for a year. The strikes also killed at least one other civilian and wounded at least two others. The Kremlin has threatened more hostilities, saying it will treat any ships sailing around Ukrainian ports in the Black Sea as military targets.

On Saturday, Mr Zelensky warned of the dire fallout from Russian actions in the Black Sea.

“Any destabilization in this region and the disruption of our export routes will mean problems with corresponding consequences for everyone in the world,” he said in his night address. Food prices could go up, he said.

The grain agreement, brokered by the United Nations and Turkey about a year ago, helped to stabilize food around the world. But now, Russia’s withdrawal from the agreement could again threaten food security in several countries already reeling from multiple crises, especially in the Horn of Africa.

Mr. Zelensky is pushing for more help from the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. After a meeting on Saturday with the secretary general of the alliance, Jens Stoltenberg, Mr. Zelensky said that the Ukraine-NATO Council, a new body that hopes to deepen the alliance between Ukraine and its allies, will soon hold a meeting on the situation in Odessa and the Black Sea.

In Russia, President Vladimir V. Putin on Sunday was scheduled to meet with his Belarusian counterpart, Alexander G. Lukashenko, the Kremlin. said in a statement. It would be one of the first public meetings for Mr Putin since Mr Lukashenko said he helped broker a deal that ended the short-lived insurgency by the Wagner militia.

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